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Published Clinical Studies and results of Salt Therapy as a Respiratory Remedy

Chervinskaya, A. & Zilber N.(1995) Halotherapy for the Treatment of Respiratory Diseases. Journal of Aerosol Medicine 8(3): 221-232

Salt Therapy was administrated in a group of 124 patients (54 males and 70 females) aged from 16 to 62 years with various types of chronic nonspecific pulmonary diseases. In all of the patients the disease was in the stage of a prolonged exacerbation. Before the treatments 95% of the patients of the main group had been coughing, half of them (47%) had severe attacks of coughing with scanty viscous sputum. Most of the patients (81%) suffered from attacks of asthma so that one third of them used combined medication to control it. Auscultation revealed harsh and weakened breathing, and dry rales in 58% of the patients.

60% of the patients received a base therapy (beta-agonists, theophyllines, chromoglycate natrii, corticosteroids, etc.), the effect of which was insufficient and did not allow to achieve a complete remission. The patients had not taken any antibacterial medicine.

The control group was represented by 15 patients (7 females and 8 males) aged from 18 to 56 years. Placebo course consisted only of 10 procedures of musical psychosuggestive program with slides demonstration in an ordinary room.

The patients' condition was assessed by daily medical supervision, with functional and laboratory tests made before and after Salt Therapy, as well as every 7th day during the treatments. Series of examinations in the control group consisted of the tests similar to those for the main group of patients.

Disease Number of patients
Bronchial asthma 87
Mild 32
Moderate 34
Severe 21
Chronic bronchitis 26
Nonobstructive 12
Obstructive 14
Bronchiectasis 6
Cystic fibrosis 5
Total 124

After 3-5 sessions of Salt Therapy 70-80% of the patients (according to nosology) presented some improvements such as expectoration of good amount of sputum.  It was less tenacious and easier to discharge, better auscultator pattern of the lungs and less frequent occurrence of cough attacks or respiratory discomfort.  Some patients with severe and moderate bronchial asthma (BA) (35 patients - 27% of the total number) experienced difficulty in bringing up the phlegm and worsening of cough during 3-4 days after 3-4 sessions.  These manifestations seem to be due to the temporal bad bronchial drainage resulting from hyper secretion of mucus and discharge of old clots of secretion from bronchi of smaller diameter.  Expiratory dyspnea appeared or became more pronounced in 18 patients (15% or cases) at different periods of Salt Therapy.  Those were mainly the patients with exercise-induced asthma and aspirin-induced asthma. None of the patients complained of bad condition during the Salt Therapy procedures.

By the end of the course of Salt Therapy all the patients felt better, they slept well, had no fatigue or weakness and their nervous system stabilised.  Clinical symptoms analysis demonstrated that the number of asthma attacks and respiratory discomfort cases decreased significantly as compared to the initial ones (81% and 52%, respectively, p<0.001). The number of asthma attacks controlled by combined medication also decreased (32% and 2%, respectively, p<0.001).

The cases of coughing occurred more rarely (95% and 70%, respectively, p<0.001), coughing became easier and more productive, the amount of sputum reduced and it became mucousal.  The number of the patients with signs of vasomotor rhinitis decreased (61% and 24%, respectively p<0.001).
Corticosteroids were discontinued in 50 % (11 patients) of the patients with corticosteroid therapy (22 patients). Those were the cases when inhaled corticosteroids were prescribed as anti-inflammatory agents.  In 7 patients it was possible to reduce the dose, 41 patients (60% of patients who inhaled beta- agonists) were able to discontinue beta-agonists or reduce the dose.  Reduction (or cancellation) in bronchodilator and inhaled corticosteroid consumption was an indicator of clinical benefit.


The clinical state of 85% of the patients with mild and moderate BA, 75 % with severe BA, 98%- with chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis improved after Salt Therapy.  The patients were examined 6 and 12 months after the first Salt Therapy course.  No aggravations of the disease were seen from the 3rd to the 12th month. The average duration of the remission was 7.6-0.9 m. Most of the patients (60%) used no medication and sought no medical advice.

View Salt Therapy Pub Med References - National Library of Medicine

Chervinskaya AV, Zilber NA.Halotherapy for treatment of respiratory diseasesJ Aerosol Med. 1995 Fall;8(3):221-32. Complete study is availablePMID: 10161255 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Gorbenko PP, Adamova IV, Sinitsyna TM.[Bronchial hyperreactivity to the inhalation of hypo- and hyperosmolar aerosols and its correction by halotherapy]Ter Arkh. 1996; 68(8):24-8. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 9019826 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Grinshtein IuI, Shestovitskii VA, Kuligina-Maksimova AV.[Clinical significance of cytological characteristics of bronchial inflammation in obstructive pulmonary diseases]Ter Arkh. 2004; 76(3):36-9. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 15108456 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Grigor'eva NV.[Halotherapy in combined non-puncture therapy of patients with acute purulent maxillary sinusitis]Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2003;(4):42-4. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 13677023 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Abdrakhmanova LM, Farkhutdinov UR, Farkhutdinov RR.[Effectiveness of halotherapy of chronic bronchitis patients]Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2000 Nov-Dec ;( 6):21-4. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 11197648 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Maev EZ, Vinogradov NV.[Halotherapy in the combined treatment of chronic bronchitis patients]Voen Med Zh. 1999 Jun; 320(6):34-7, 96. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 10439712 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Chernenkov RA, Chernenkova EA, Zhukov GV.[The use of an artificial microclimate chamber in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases]Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1997 Jul-Aug ;( 4):19-21. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 9424823 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Chervinskaia AV.[The scientific validation and outlook for the practical use of halo-aerosol therapy]Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2000 Jan-Feb ;( 1):21-4. Review. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 11094875 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Farkhutdinov UR, Abdrakhmanova LM, Farkhutdinov RR.[Effects of halotherapy on free radical oxidation in patients with chronic bronchitis]Klin Med (Moscow). 2000;78(12):37-40. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 11210350 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Borisenko LV, Chervinskaia AV, Stepanova NG, Lukian VS, Goncharova VA, Pokhodzei IV, Krivitskaia VZ, Vishniakova LA, Pokhaznikova MA, Faustova ME, et al. Maliavin AG, Filiaeva IuA, Umakhanova MM, Chervinskaia AV [The use of halotherapy for the rehabilitation of patients with acute bronchitis and a protracted and recurrent course] Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1995 Jan-Feb ;( 1):11-5. Russian. Abstract is available PMID: 7785211 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Roslaia NA, Likhacheva EI, Shchekoldin PI.[Efficacy of therapeutic use of ultrasound and sinusoidal modulated currents combed with halotherapy in patient with occupational toxic-dust bronchitis]Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2001 Jan-Feb ;( 1):26-7. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 11530404 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Maliavin AG, Filiaeva IuA, Umakhanova MM, Chervinskaia AV. [Halotherapy-a new treatment of bacterial vaginosis]Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2004 May-Jun ;( 3):35-7. Russian. Abstract is availablePMID: 15216790 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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